4 Maccabees: Introduction And Commentary on the Greek Text by David Arthur deSilva

By David Arthur deSilva

This statement examines four Maccabees as a contribution to the continuing reformulation of Jewish id and perform within the Greek-speaking Diaspora. It analyzes the Jewish author’s interplay with, and facility in, Greek rhetorical conventions, moral philosophy, and literary tradition, giving recognition additionally to his use and interpretation of texts and traditions from the Jewish Scriptures and different Hellenistic Jewish writings. The observation shows the author’s skillful weaving jointly of some of these assets to create a textual content that translates the Torah-observant lifestyles because the fullest embodiment of the simplest Greek moral beliefs. a particular function is the exam of the way the adventure of interpreting four Maccabees in Codex Sinaiticus differs from the adventure of analyzing the eclectic textual content.

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Extra info for 4 Maccabees: Introduction And Commentary on the Greek Text in Codex Sinaiticus (Septuagint Commentary Series,) (Septuagint Commentaries)

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As victors in the games would be given recognition, rather than simply “gathered” (συvαγελάζovται, 18:23). One reading in Sinaiticus actually works against this overall tendency, namely the appearance of αἰῶvα rather than ἀγῶvα in 9:23, though this may be the result of a scribal error (either the scribe of Sinaiticus or his exemplar mistaking the gamma in ἀγῶvα for an iota). Several readings in Sinaiticus but not accepted by Rahlfs would contribute to the reader’s engagement with the philosophical demonstration itself.

30b ἐπιθεώρει {δὲ} τοίνυν* πρῶτον διὰ τῶν κωλυτικῶ(ν) τῆς σωϕροσύνις ἔργων ὅτι αὐτοδέσποτός ἐστιν τῶν παθῶν ὁ λογισμός. 32 τῶν δὲ ἐπιθυμιῶ(ν) αἱ μέν εἰσιν ψυχικαί, αἱ δὲ σωματικαί, καὶ τούτων ἀμϕοτέρων ἐπικρατεῖν ὁ λογισμὸς ϕαίνεται. 33 ἐπεὶ πόθεν κ<ε>ινούμενοι πρὸς τὰς ἀπειρημένας τροϕὰς, ἀποστρεϕόμεθα τὰς ἐξ αὐτῶ(ν) ἡδονάς; οὐχ ὅτι δύναται τῶν ὀρέξεων ἐπικρατεῖ(ν) ὁ λογισμός; ἐγὼ γὰρ οἶμαι. 34 τοιγαροῦν ἐνύδρων ἐπιθυμοῦντες κ(αὶ) ὀρνέων καὶ τετραπόδων καὶ παντοίων βρωμάτω(ν) τῶν ἀπηγορευμένων ἡμῖν διὰ* τὸν νόμον ἀπεχόμεθα διὰ τὴν τοῦ λογισμοῦ ἐπικράτειαν.

At several points, these scribes introduced paragraph headings identifiable by beginning a line one character in advance of the left hand margin (and often with space left at the end of the preceding line). ), setting off Eleazar’s response to the herald from the latter’s proclamation to “obey the king”; – 8:2, marking the transition from Antiochus’s “defeat” at the hands of Eleazar to the selection of other Hebrew captives for his attention; – 8:3, introducing the seven brothers whose story will dominate the middle section of the book; – 11:1b, introducing the fifth brother (but breaking up a sentence); – 11:13, introducing the sixth brother; – 14:2, marking the transition from discursive reflection to encomium (here, an apostrophe); – 14:3, separating the first apostrophe from a second.

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